mesopotamian religion

general bibliography

>> categories: monographs : articles


Black, J. & Green, A.

Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia, London: British Museum Press + Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992.

Bottéro, Jean

Religion in Ancient Mesopotamia, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.

Dalley, Stephanie

Myths from Mesopotamia, Oxford, 1989.

Deimel, A.

Pantheon Babylonicum, Rome, 1914.

Pantheon Babylonicum, ÍL 4/1, Rome, 1950).

Dhorme, E. & Dussaud, R.

Les religions de Babylonie et d’Assyrie; Les religions des hittites et des hourrites, des pheniciens et des syriens, Paris, 1949.

Jacobsen, Thorkild

The Treasures of Darkness: A History of Mesopotamian Religion, New Haven, 1976.

The Harps that Once….: Sumerian Poetry in Translation, New Haven, 1987.

Kramer, Samuel Noel

From the Poetry of Sumer: Creation, Glorification, Adoration, Berkeley, 1979.

Leick, Gwendolyn

A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology, Routledge: London & New York, 1991.

Sex and Eroticism in Mesopotamian Literature, London, 1994.

Oppenheim, A. Leo

Ancient Mesopotamia: Portrait of a Dead Civilization, rev. ed. by E. Reiner, Chicago, 1977.

Saggs, H.W.F.

The Encounter with the Divine in Mesopotamia and Israel, London, 1978.

Schneider, N.

Die Götternamen von Ur III, Rome, 1939.

Tallqvist, K.L.

Akkadische Götterepitheta, Helsinki, 1938.



Bonnet, H.

“On Understanding Syncretism”, Orientalia NS 68 (1999), pp.191-98.
[+ J. Baines, “Egyptian Syncretism: Hans Bonnet’s Contribution”, ibid, pp.199-214.]

Bottéro, J.

“Les Noms de Marduk, l’écriture et la ‘logique’ en Mésopotamie ancienne,” in Finkelstein Memorial Volume, Hamden, CT, 1977, pp. 5-28.

Bottéro, J. & Kramer, S.N.

Lorsque les dieux faisaient l’homme: Mythologie mésopotamienne, Paris, 1989.

Mesopotamia: Writing, Reasoning, and the Gods, Chicago, 1992.

Cavigneaux, A.

“L’essence divine”, JCS 30 (1978), pp.177-85.

Dijk, J. J. A. van

“Les contacts ethniques dans la Mésopotamie et les syncrétismes de la religion sumérienne,” Scripta Instituti Donneriani Aboensis 3, pp.171-206.

“Sumerische Religion,” in Assmussen, J.P. & Laessoe, J. (eds), Handbuch der Religionsgeschichte, volume 1, Göttingen, 1971, pp. 431-496.

Edzard, D. O.

“Die Mythologie der Sumerer und Akkader,” in Haussig, H.W. (ed.), Wörterbuch der Mythologie , vol. 1: Götter und Mythen im Vorderen Orient, Stuttgart, 1965, pp. 17-139.

Finkelstein. J.J.

“Bible and Babel: A Comparative Study of the Hebrew and Babylonian Religious Spirit,” in Greenspahn, F.E. (ed.), Essential Papers on Israel and the Ancient Near East, New York, 1991, pp.355-380.

Gelb, I.J.

“Compound Divine Names in the Ur III Period,” in Reiner AV, New Haven, 1987, pp.125-138.

George, Andrew R.

House Most High: The Temples of Ancient Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian Civilizations 5, Eisenbrauns: Winona Lake, IN, 1993.

Hallo, William W.

“Sumerian Religion,” in Rainey, A.F. (ed.), kinatt™utu ßa d™arâti: Raphael Kutscher Memorial Volume, Tel Aviv, 1993, pp.15-36.

Jacobsen, Thorkild

“Formative Tendencies in Sumerian Religion”, “Mesopotamian Gods and Pantheons”, “Ancient Mesopotamian Religion: The Central Concerns”, and “Sumerian Mythology: A Review Article”, in Moran, W.L. (ed.), Toward the Image of Tammuz and Other Essays on Mesopotamian History and Culture, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Klein, J.

“The Sumerian me as a Concrete Object”, AOF 24 (1997), pp.211-218.

Kienast, B.

“Überlegungen zum ‘Pantheon Babylonicum'”, Orientalia NS 54 (1985), pp.106-116.

Lambert, W.G.

“The Reign of Nebuchadnezzar I: A Turning Point in the History of Ancient Mesopotamian Religion”, in McCullough, W.S. (ed.) The Seed of Wisdom, Toronto, 1964, pp.3-13.

“Myth and Ritual as Conceived by the Babylonians”, JSS 13 (1969), pp.104-112.

“Göttergenealogie”, RLA 3 (1969), pp.469-470.

“History and the Gods: A Review Article”, Orientalia NS 39 (1970), pp.170-177.

“Destiny and Divine Intervention in Babylon and Israel”, Oudtestamentische Studien 17 (1972), pp.65-72.

“Der Mythos im Alten Mesopotamien, sein Werden und Vergehen”, Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte 26 (1974), pp.1-16.

“The Historical Development of the Mesopotamian Pantheon: A Study in Sophisticated Polytheism”, in Goedicke, H. & Roberts, J.J.M. (eds), Unity and Diversity, Baltimore, 1975, pp. 191-200.

“Old Testament Mythology in its Ancient Near Eastern Context”, Vetus Testamentum Supplementum 40 (1990), pp.124-143.

“Syncretism and Religious Controversy in Babylonia”, AOF 24 (1997), pp.158-162.

Lawson, J.N.

The Concept of Fate in Ancient Mesopotamia of the First Millennium: Toward an Understanding of  Í™imtu, Wisesbaden, 1994.
[Reviewed: F. Reynolds, OLZ 92 (1997), pp.56-61; F. Rochberg, JNES 58 (1999), pp.54-58.]

Machinist, Peter

“The Question of Distinctiveness in Ancient Israel”, in Essential Papers, New York, 1991, pp.420-242.

Maul, S.T.

“How the Babylonians Protected Themselves against Calamities Announced by Omens”, in Borger AV, [Cuneiform Monographs 10], Groningen, 1998, pp.123-129.

“Mesopotamian Mythologies” in Mythologies, compiled by Y. Bonnefoy, Chicago, 1991.

Oppenheim, A. Leo

“Why a ‘Mesopotamian Religion’ Should Not Be Written”, “The Care and Feeding of the Gods”, “Mesopotamian ‘Psychology'” and “The Arts of the Diviner”, in Reiner, E. (ed.) Ancient Mesopotamia: Portrait of a Dead Civilization, revised edition, Chicago, 1977.

Ornan, Tallay

2004 “Idols and Symbols – Divine Representations in First Millennium Mesopotamian Art and its Bearing on the Second Commandment”, Tel Aviv 31.1 (2004), pp.90-121.

Pritchard, J.B.

Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, 3rd edition with Supplement, Princeton, 1969.

Reallexikon der Assyriologie, Berlin, 1928-) (A through M until now).

Reiner, E.

Your Thwarts in Pieces, Your Mooring Rope Cut: Poetry from Babylonia and Assyria, Ann Arbor, 1985.

Rochberg-Halton, F.

“Fate and Divination in Mesopotamia”, AfO Beiheft 19 (1982), pp.363-371.

Römer, W. H. Ph.

“The Religion of Ancient Mesopotamia,” in Historia Religionum: Handbook for the History of Religions, volume 1: Religions of the Past, Leiden, 1969, pp.115-194.

Saggs, H.W.F.

“The Divine in History,” in Essential Papers, New York, 1991, pp.17-48.

Steinkeller, Piotr

“Of Stars and Men: The Conceptual and Mythological Setup of Babylonian Extispicy”, in press.

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