Egyptian Religion


This page aims to present a comprehensive select and annotated bibliography for ancient Egyptian religion, belief and practice.

General Treatments

Assmann, Jan

1984 Ägypten. Theologie und Frömmigkeit einer früher Hochkultur, Stuttgart, 1984.

Breasted, J.H.

1912 Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt, New York, 1912 (reprinted 1972).

Brunner, Hellmut

1983 Grundzüge der altägyptischen Religion, Darmstadt, 1983.

Englund, Gertie

1987 “Gods as a Frame of Reference. On Thinking and Concepts of Thought in Ancient Egypt”, inThe Religion of the Ancient Egyptians. Cognitive Structures and Popular Expressions, Acta Univ. Upsaliensis Boreas Upsalla Studies in Ancient, Medieval and Near Eastern Civilisation 20, Upsall, 1987, pp.7-28.

Frankfort, Henri

1948 Ancient Egyptian Religion, New York, 1948.

1949 Before Philosophy, Harmondsworth, 1949.

Koch, K.

1993 Geschichte der ägyptischen Religion. Von den Pyramiden bis zu den Mysterien der Isis, Stuttgart, 1993.

Hornung, Erik

1982 Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: the One and the Many, Baines, J. (translator), London, 1982.

Kees, Hermann

1977 Der Götterglaube im alten Ägypten, reprint, Berlin, 1977.

Morenz, Siegfried

1973 Ancient Egyptian Religion, Keep, A. (translator), London, 1973.

Schafer, Byron E. (ed.)

1991 Religion in Ancient Egypt – Gods, Myths and Personal Practice, London, 1991.

Specific Deities

Boylan, Patrick

1922 Thoth. The Hermes of Egypt, London, 1922 (reprinted New York, 1987).

Johnson, Sally B.

1990 The Cobra Goddess of Ancient Egypt, Kegan Paul International: London, 1990.

McFarlane, Anne

1990 “The Cult of Min in the 3rd Millennium”, BACE 1 (1990), pp.69-75.

Sandman-Holmberg, M.

1946 The God Ptah, Lund, 1946.

Te Velde, H.

1977 Seth, God of Confusion – A Study of his Role in Egyptian Mythology and Religion, Leiden, 1977.

Cult and Ritual

Flores, D.V.

2003 Funerary Sacrifice of Animals in the Egyptian Predynastic Period, Oxford: BAR, 2003.


Assmann, Jan

1992 “Inscriptional Violence and the Art of Cursing: A Study of Performative Writing”, Stanford Literature Review 9.1 (1992), pp.?

1992 “When Justice Fails: Jurisdiction and Imprecation in Ancient Egypt and the Near East”, JEA 78 (1992), pp.?

Barb, A.A.

1971 “Mystery, Myth and Magic”, in Harris, J.R. (ed.), The Legacy of Egypt, Oxford, 1971, pp.138-169.

Borghouts, J.F.

1978 Ancient Egyptian Magical Texts, Leiden, 1978.

Kákosy, László

1989 Zauberei im alten Ägypten, Leipzig, 1989.

Morschauser, Scott

1991 Threat-Formulae in Ancient Egypt, Baltimore: Halgo Inc., 1991.

Nordh, Katarina

1996 Aspects of Ancient Egyptian Curses and Blessings: Conceptual Background and Transmission, Stockholm: Gotab, 1996.

Ritner, Robert K.

1989 “Horus on the Crocodiles: a Juncture of Religion and Magic in Late Dynastic Egypt”, in Allen, J.P. (ed.), Religion and Philosophy in Ancient Egypt, New Haven, 1989, pp.103-116.

Willems, Harco

1990 “Crime, Cult and Capital Punishment (Mo’alla Inscription 8)”, JEA 76 (1990), pp.?

Besides Ritner’s book on magic, as has already been noted, there are a few works that deal specifically with curses, or threat formulae.return to top


Baines, John

1987 “Practical Religion and Piety”, JEA 73 (1987), pp.88-94.

Blackman, A.M.

1926 “Oracles in Ancient Egypt II”, JEA 12 (1925), pp.176-185, pls.xxxiv-xlii.

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